Mathematics is the teaching of logical reasoning, problem-solving skills and the ability to think in abstract ways. It is a creative and highly inter-connected discipline that has been developed over centuries, providing the solution to some of history’s most intriguing problems. A high-quality mathematics education therefore provides a foundation for understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics, and a sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the subject. Mathematics is a diverse subject, covering aspects such as properties of numbers, computation, shape, measures and influences of the subject can be seen in other subjects such as Science, computing, History.
Numeracy is the ability to apply mathematical skills and understanding that everyone needs both to live their lives and do their work effectively (skills such as calculating time, using spreadsheets, checking invoices and VAT) and to be an engaged citizen who understands the use of numbers and data in the modern world (for example, being able manage their own finances and to make sense of statistics and financial or economic news). Importantly, Numeracy goes beyond mere computation – it includes essential skills such as solving problems, understanding and explaining the solutions, making decisions based on logical thinking and reasoning, and interpreting data, charts and diagrams. The wealth of information technology available presents us all with more data than ever before and puts an ever greater importance on numeracy skills and understanding.